What is the Difference Between IUI and IVF? - Dr Hrishikesh Pai

What is the Difference Between IUI and IVF?

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Difference Between IUI and IVF

Do you think about whether you should go for IVF or IUI treatment? There are several choices to consider for fertility procedures in Mumbai, India. It mostly depends on you and your partner’s particular needs.

Most IVF centres in Mumbai, India provide both in vitro insemination (IVF) intrauterine and insemination (IUI). 

Few people know more of one term over the other. They usually are not aware of the difference between them or what either procedure includes. 

While it is essential to talk about your case with your fertility doctor, you need to know the difference between IUI and IVF.

Let’s begin by understanding what an IUI treatment is?

What is IUI?

What is IUI

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is an in-office treatment. The specialist injects sperms that were collected before and processed into your uterine cavity. Before injecting, the lab will wash the sperm. They will remove seminal fluid and concentrate the sperm.

The sperm is injected higher into your uterine cavity, avoiding the cervix. This makes the journey through the fallopian tubes shorter, increasing the number of sperms that meet the egg.

Your doctor uses the help of fertility procedures to enhance ovulation function for the IUI treatment. You can also go for IUI treatment during your natural ovulation. 

Now that you know what IUI is? Let’s move on to IVF.

What is IVF?

What is IVF

IVF (in vitro fertilization) is a fertility treatment or an assisted reproductive technology (ART). In this treatment, sperms and eggs are combined in a lab.

Before fertilization, you need fertility medication to stimulate the ovaries. It assists in successful egg retrieval. Your IVF doctor will perform the egg retrieval process under sedation. Then insemination occurs on the same day.

Once fertilization occurs, your doctor will monitor the embryo to find out the best time to inject it into the uterus.

What are the differences between IUI and IVF?

IUI and IVF

The major difference between IUI and IVF is that in IUI, fertilization occurs internally. The sperm is directly injected into your uterus. So, when fertilization becomes successful, the embryo itself implants into the uterus.

With IVF, fertilization happens outside of the uterus, in a lab. The egg and sperm are blended for fertilization. Following fertilization, one or more of such embryos are moved into your uterus. 

The embryo itself implants in the uterus’ lining, resulting in pregnancy and a baby’s delivery or full-term baby.

IVF contains more success rate than IUI. Yet, it is commonly recommended that couples try three rounds of IUI before going for IVF.

Now that you understand the difference between IUI and IVF, let’s move to commonalities.

What do IVF and IUI have in Common?

IVF and IUI have few common factors. They mainly have to do with getting ready for the procedure and the necessary treatment of conceiving.

Before insemination or fertilization, both IVF and IUI may involve the consumption of fertility drugs. It helps to enhance success rates in fertilization for IUI or help in ovulation, and aid in egg retrieval for IVF. 

Both procedures involve processes to segregate the highest quality sperm from the samples you give for fertilization.

For both IVF and IUI to be successful, an egg should get fertilized and then implanted in the uterus’ lining. It grows into multiple infants or full-term infants. 

What makes you an Ideal Candidate for IUI vs. IVF?

IUI, or artificial insemination, is a more common fertility procedure. Other than this, it is usually the first procedure many people try. It is also due to the reason that fertilization occurs internally, not in a lab. 

IUI needs viable eggs, functioning ovaries, and fallopian tubes. It requires the availability of five-ten motile sperm after your doctor processes the ejaculate of the male partner.

If you or your partner does not meet the needs for IUI, then you may consider IVF. 

IVF is used for many infertility issues, involving issues with unexplained infertility in men and women. IVF procedure has a higher rate of successful pregnancies.

Now that you are clear regarding both the treatment visit your fertility specialist in Mumbai, India. Your doctor will decide which procedure best suits your condition. 

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