Around 40 years since the first IVF baby was conceived, assisted reproductive technology has progressed significantly. IVF is now one of the most common methods for childless couples to achieve their goal of having a child. As IVF has gained popularity due to its efficiency, many individuals look for all their knowledge about the procedure.
In India, unfortunately, inquiring about IVF can lead to misunderstandings and myths. Any of the misconceptions about IVF are entirely false, while others may contain a bit of truth. Hence, many IVF doctors in India try their best to end these misconceptions and disinformation once and for all.
This blog will distinguish reality from fiction by busting the five most common IVF myths.
In IVF, scientists have attempted to replicate the exact mechanism that occurs naturally but outside the body, namely fertilization and embryo development.
IVF only serves as a stand-in for the fallopian tube in women who don’t have one. The babies born via IVF are just as normal and healthy as those born usually.
Two weeks of injections are needed for IVF to produce several eggs that can be extracted. That is the only painful part of IVF. The injections hurt about as much as any other vaccine injection.
If the eggs are ready, they are removed from the body by an egg retrieval procedure performed under anaesthesia or light sedation. So, the woman does not experience any pain. Since the embryo implantation procedure (placing the embryo into the mother’s womb) is not painful, it is performed without anaesthesia.
Since you tend to put back two to three embryos to increase the chances of pregnancy, the chances are higher than in a normal conception. Having multiple births, on the other hand, carries a 10% chance. It is reduced to a minimum with single embryo transfer and replaced by a 10% drop in the success rate. You can freeze extra embryos and continue to transfer single embryos.
The risk of miscarriage and abnormalities through IVF is no worse than any other spontaneous pregnancy, according to 40 years of research.IVF help individuals struggling to conceive for years get a 60 to 70% chance of becoming pregnant in a particular cycle. In IVF, timing is crucial because the woman’s age has an immense impact on the success rate. IVF is, on the whole, a very safe procedure.
There is no clinical evidence that IVF or any other type of infertility treatment raises breast or ovarian cancer risk. The medications commonly used to produce multiple mature eggs induce progesterone and oestrogen level fluctuations, perpetuating this IVF myth.
According to a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association, IVF patients have the same risk of breast cancer as the general public. The same holds in the case of ovarian cancer. However, it is clear that having female factor infertility increases the risk of ovarian cancer, but this is true regardless of whether you receive infertility treatment.
So, it means that the underlying infertility condition, rather than the procedure itself, raises the risk. Infertility is believed to increase the risk of ovarian cancer in this population due to genetic factors.
If you want to know more about IVF or see if you are a good candidate for assisted reproduction technology? Please make an appointment with our fertility specialist.