Can Birth Control Pills Cause Infertility? | Dr. Hrishikesh Pai
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Married couples today aim at lives better planned, such as professional and social stability, so that they can provide a secure future to the very precious child. You may be one of those couples who have gone in for family planning.

As the phrase suggests, you are PLANNING YOUR FAMILY, which indirectly means that the normal course of events is altered with medical advice from your gynecologist.

Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, one of the best IVF doctors in India, helps couples all over India and abroad to achieve their dream of parenthood. He has associated Bloom IVF centres at Delhi, Chandigarh, Navi Mumbai, and Mumbai. Dr Hrishikesh Pai specialises in infertility treatment and has decades of experience with a history of high success rates.

Your expert gynecologist will suggest different methods to choose from to delay the pregnancy. Such as,

  • Condoms                                                      
  • Contraceptive implants
  • Birth control pills
  • Injections for birth control and others.

While we all know how condoms work, getting information on other birth control methods is necessary.

Pregnancy in a woman is mainly controlled by two hormones, namely Progestin and Estrogen. The presence of these hormones in the blood restricts the release of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). LH and FSH play a vital role in the process of pregnancy. They develop the egg and the uterine lining for pregnancy.

Contraceptive Implants:

A progesterone implant is planted in the woman’s arm. When the implant starts releasing small amounts of progestin in the blood, it controls the LH and FSH hormones released by the pituitary gland, thereby preventing ovulation and thickening the cervical mucus. When the cervical mucus thickens the sperm penetration becomes difficult.

Other implants are IUDs (intrauterine devices). Small T-Shaped implant made of copper or levonorgestrel (Hormonal) is inserted into the uterus. While the success rate of these birth control methods is good, there is no protection against sexually transmitted infections. These are also easily reversible birth control methods.

The Birth Control Pills :

Our body is a complex mechanism, which is motored by nerves, structured by bones, pumped by the heart, and regulated by hormones. Women get pregnant with the help of two such hormones, namely estrogen and progestin. The birth control pills, or the oral contraceptive pills (OCP)as they are called, are preformulated pills of a combination of these hormones or just progestin.

When these pills are consumed, the pituitary glands are unable to release follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone (these are responsible for developing the uterine lining and the eggs). Progestin surrounds the egg with uterine mucus, which the sperm cannot penetrate. Progestin can also control the release of the egg.

While birth control pills are used to delay pregnancy, they are also used while preparing the woman’s body for IVF. One of the best IVF specialists in India Dr. Hrishikesh Pai has pioneered many fertility processes.  

Injections For Birth Control Methods:

Again, these are either a combination of synthetically made estrogen and progestogen or only progestogen. Injected monthly, every two months, or every three months, depending on their duration of protection.

Many women believe that these methods of birth control cause infertility.

Do Birth Control Pills Cause Infertility?


If a woman depends on birth control pills for a very long duration, reversing the effect will take time. Once you stop taking the pill, regularising the menstrual cycle may take almost three to six months, depending on an individual’s response to medication. The age of the woman plays a vital part when the menstrual cycle is in the process of regulation.

One may experience either extremely heavy blood flow, significantly less blood flow, or no flow at all. This irregularity of the menstrual cycle is temporary. So, the difficulty in conception is also temporary. In sporadic cases, the infertility is permanent but may be due to some pre-existing conditions also. Therefore, always speak to your doctor in depth before you start using any form of birth control.

Regularization of the menstrual cycle depends on how old you are and how long you have been using the OCP. If you are 35 years or above and have been on the pill for a long duration, the chances are that the reversal will take longer. A couple should try to conceive naturally for at least a year. However, if you are unable to get pregnant naturally after trying for one year, don’t hesitate to get in touch with one of the best IVF doctors in India.


When the human body’s natural mechanism has been altered in its functioning, it will take time to behave normally. There is no evidence to base that birth control pills cause infertility, but in the rarest of cases. If procedures such as IVF, IUI, and other groundbreaking procedures can help you conceive, you are FERTILE.

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